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Bayerischer Wald

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2nd International Conference on Forests from 26. to 29. April 2017

Bavarian Forest National Park (Photo: Rainer Simonis)

The following thematic sessions have been approved:

Wednesday, 26. April 2017 9.00 AM until 6.00 PM

0) Welcoming speech,

Bavarian State Ministry of the Environment and Consumer Protection
Head of the Bavarian Forest National Park: Franz Leibl
President of the Society for Conservation Biology: Bengt-Gunnar Jonsson

I) Active and passive conservation management in forests

Key note: David Lindenmayer

Forests worldwide were intensively altered by various silvicultural strategies. Ranging from production forests, as in plantation, to large strictly protected areas as national parks, the best strategy to enhance the value for conservation of biodiversity in temperate and boreal forests is strongly context dependent. The session aims to summarize recent scientific knowledge how to combine best a set of tools in restoration of ecologically degraded habitats including the reintroduction of extinct species.

II) Salvage logging of naturally disturbed forests

Key note: Reed Noss

Salvage logging of naturally disturbed forests has become a major controversy in many forest ecosystems around the globe. Major ecological impacts include increased susceptibility of ecosystems to repeated severe disturbances, depleted levels of native biodiversity and disrupted biotic and abiotic processes. Increasing effort has been undertaken to mitigate the negative impacts of salvage logging by evidence-based management strategies. Nevertheless, salvage logging continues to be the prevalent management response to various disturbances around the world. Here, we synthesis scientific evidence, reveal gaps in knowledge and highlight ways forward.

Thursday, 27. April 2017 9.00 AM until 6.00 PM

III) Large mammals in forests: luxury or necessity?

Key note: Matthew Kauffman,

Large faunal elements are drivers of important processes that greatly influence the structure, composition and dynamic of ecosystems. Until recently the research focus was mainly on the effects of predation and herbivory, other processes such as allocation of nutrients, dispersing of seeds, opening of mineral soil, and providing of a resource pulse after their death were largely neglected. Thus, they directly and indirectly affect other species throughout the food web, influencing the heterogeneity of forested ecosystems. Therefore, the management and conservation of large species in a landscape not only is decisive in ensuring the completeness of the respective biocenosis, but also has a considerable effect on the biodiversity and community structure. In this session we will synthesis the impacts of large animal species on ecosystems and reveal gaps in knowledge. We will also highlight their integration in management planning for conservation.

IV) Freshwater conservation in forests

Key note: Peter Haase

In past decades freshwater ecosystems in forests have strongly been impacted by various anthropogenic impacts such as air pollution, forest management or hydromorphological degradation. As a consequence, several species went locally extinct. Despite the ongoing chemical recovery, biological recovery is lagging behind in many regions due to dispersal limitations of several species and remaining barriers that prevent recolonization of habitats. Moreover, global warming is likely to generate new challenges for a successful conservation management. In this session we want to discuss current concepts and methods in freshwater conservation including species re-introduction and freshwater ecology focussing on the importance of protected forests as refuges of pristine freshwater ecosystems, the effects of reforestation and shading, the impact of climate warming, chemical and biological recovery after acidification and global change monitoring including environmental DNA techniques.

Social Evening: 7.00 PM

Friday, 28. April 2017 9.00 AM until 6.00 PM

V) The forgotten species (small invertebrates, fungi, bacteria)

Key note: Jacob Heilmann-Clausen

In conservation biology cryptic living taxa (e.g. fungi, bacteria) lack behind animals and plants. Given the importance of such taxa in regulating ecosystems (e.g. nutrient cycling, primary production), this deficiency should be caught up in the near future. The hitherto rarely consideration of such taxa in conservation biology is however changing as the field moves from addressing single species issues to an integrative ecosystem-based approach. In the session these aspects should be picked up and new findings as well as future directions and needs will be discussed.

VI) The role of landscapes

Key note: Lenore Fahrig

Fragmentation of habitats and the management of the connectivity of the landscape matrix are two of the major challenges in conservation of forest fauna. However, a number of ecological mechanisms are responsible for the observed loss of species. In this session we aim on illuminating all kind of processes and concepts related to forest landscapes, such as scale and heterogeneity, dispersal limitations, habitat amount, isolation.

Saturday, 29, April 2017 8.30 AM until 4.00 PM

Excursions